Vol. 3, No. 12, December 2007

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EDEN Conference ?Clemson, SC ?January 8-10

The Madren Conference Center in Clemson, South Carolina.
The Southeast EDEN Agrosecurity
Conference is scheduled for the Madren
Conference Center, Clemson, South
Carolina from January 8-10, 2008. This is
the third of six EDEN regional conferences
focusing on animal agrosecurity issues.

Conference objectives are:
  •   to help Extension educators
         understand their role and
         responsibilities in the event of
         animal agrosecurity incidents (i.e.,
  •      contagious disease outbreaks),
  •   to understand the resources available, and
  •   to become better prepared to work in a team with other agencies and
  •      producers during an agrosecurity incident.

    Agencies and other emergency management groups will have an improved
    understanding of Extension's educational and facilitation role, and the resources
    available through the Extension Disaster Education Network (EDEN). The conference
    agenda includes time for Extension and agency representatives to discuss state and
    multi-state approaches to agrosecurity incidents.

    According to Carol of the University of Florida, it is time to "get the word out?to
    individuals who have a vested interest in emergency
    management and could benefit from attending. States are
    encouraged to send teams to the conference, and carry the
    information back to co-workers. Teams should consider
    including representatives from Cooperative Extension
    (especially those with dairy, livestock, poultry, or emergency preparedness
    responsibilities), the State Veterinarian, Animal Health Bureau, Department of
    Agriculture, Emergency Management Agency, Health Department; SART; Law
    Enforcement; and commodity groups representing integrated dairy, livestock and
    poultry production.

    A conference flyer is available at:
    Information on logistics, agenda and registration is available at:
    Direct questions to me (
    clehtola@ufl.edu) or to Howard van Dijk (hdijk@clemson.edu),
    who is the conference host.


    Next Quarterly SART Advisory Board Meeting
    Is Timed With Training Event

    A 48-hour live training event will be held at the Marion County 4-H Farm prior to the March 2880 Advisory Board Meeting.

    The next Quarterly SART Advisory Board Meeting is scheduled for 10 AM Wednesday, March 5, 2008 at the 41-acre Marion County 4-H Farm, 2232 NE Jacksonville Rd., Ocala, FL 34470 (352) 671-8400. Please note this change of venue!

    The meeting will begin following a 48-hour live training event held as a "planned, response to a local disaster," possibly an event involving a mock chemical release. The training event is designed to test equipment, coordination and procedures across several of the SART disaster response partners. SART members John Haven (havenj@mail.vetmed.ufl.edu), Director of the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, and David Perry (perryda@doacs.state.fl.us), DOACS ACP Administrator can be contacted for additional information about the event.

    A 48-hour live training event will be held at the Marion County 4-H Farm prior to the March 2880 Advisory Board Meeting.

    The Quarterly Advisory Board Meeting will highlight significant opportunities to become more involved in SART efforts and is truly a "must-attend" for all agencies and organizations that participate in disaster planning and response. The meeting will include time to tour and examine the significant resources of the SART partners participating in the training event. In addition to the regular business of monitoring Florida's readiness for a disaster, discussion will include a NASAAEP update on the National Alliance of State Animal and Agricultural Emergency Programs (http://www.tnavc.org/mynavc/Default.aspx?tabid=257) which will have held its formative meeting at the Gaylord Hotel during the North American Veterinary Conference in Orlando January 22-23, 2008. [Directions to the Marion County 4-H Farm: From Interstate 75, take exit #354 and turn east on US Hwy. 27. Proceed about 3 miles to US Hwy 441/301 and turn left/north. It is less than a mile to NE 20th St. (Old Jacksonville Road); turn right/east. It is approximately a mile to the facility.]


    Dramatic Equine Rescue in Illinois

    A traffic accident near Chicago in late October tested that state's emergency animal
    responders. Apparently, 59 draft horses were being transported inside a double-
    decker semi-trailer. The truck driver ran a traffic light and collided with a pick-up
    truck. As a result, as many as 18 of the horses were ultimately euthanized.
    HARPS, the Hooved Animal Rescue and Protection Society (www.HarpsOnLine.com),
    has links to additional information and photos of the Illinois accident. [Photos
    courtesy www.BristolWisconsin.com.]


    Pet First Aid & Disaster Response Guide

    Pets America has just released its "Pet First Aid & Disaster Response Guide,?an
    excellent and colorful 118-page 5 ½" x 8 ½" illustrated handbook that every pet
    owner should own, read and periodically review.
    "Pet First Aid & Disaster Response Guide?is designed
    in two parts. Elaine Acker, founder of Pets America,
    authored Part One, which is titled "Critical Lessons
    from Veterinarians.?In this section, Acker reviews
    steps that pet owners may take to prepare for and
    then respond to a pet emergency. One of the many
    contributions that make this small handbook so
    useful is the inclusion of Normal Vital Sign
    information to help pet owners judge when their pet
    may be experiencing stress. She also gives valuable
    First Aid information so that pet owners can respond
    quickly to various pet emergencies (bites, burns,
    poisons, etc.), before a veterinarian can be located.
    David Chapman's illustrations truly bring this section
    Part Two is titled "Because Lives Depend on It.?Authored by Elaine Acker and Liz
    Wang (with Rick Sapp), this section concerns making a disaster action plan for pets
    and people. It begins with a brief discussion of emergencies and dealing with those
    adrenaline-inducing disruptions to our routines; then, it speaks to the heart of a
    personal commitment to Being Prepared ?having a blueprint in-place for that f
    unexpected moment when something suddenly happens, when it would be easy for
    anyone without a plan to panic and to forget vital details and information.

    Dedicating the book, Elaine Acker quotes her mother, Katherine: "It's the things you
    know to do but don't do that get you into trouble.?Indeed.

    The Pets America "Pet First Aid & Disaster Response Guide?is published by Pets
    America, P.O. Box 40997, Austin, TX 78704 (512) 497-7535. It can be ordered for
    $14.95 from Texas A&M Press through www.PetsAmerica.org.


    Reminder ?NASAAEP Formation Meeting

    A network of SART-type, state veterinary medical reserve corps and state programs ?
    the National Alliance of State Animal and Agricultural Emergency Programs or
    NASAAEP ?are holding a formative meeting during the North American Veterinary
    Conference in Orlando January 22-23, 2008.
    The Veterinary Conference will include a NASAAEP
    organizational working group meeting on the afternoon of
    January 22, an evening reception that same evening and a
    day of presentations and updates on January 23rd. If you are
    registered for the Veterinary Conference, you can attend this
    meeting for no additional fee. If you would like to attend only
    this session, you can register for $85, which includes lunch,
    at http://www.tnavc.org/mynavc/Default.aspx?tabid=257.

    Presentations will include:
  •   Federal agency updates on animal emergency management issues
  •   Veterinary opportunities in emergency management and response
  •   The Social and Political Impacts of Foot and Mouth Disease Outbreaks in
  •      Britain (Dr. Steve Van Wei)
  •   Developing local resources (a panel of state programs)
  •   From 0 to 60 in Two Years: Funding programs through grants, sponsorships
  •      and donations
  •   Annual meeting: finalize of an incorporation plan

  • NASAAEP sessions will be open to all vet conference attendees. The new group is
    appropriate for all SART/VMRC (and similar programs) leaders and participants, local program
    (such as CART) leadership, national organization personnel and federal personnel.


    Florida Counties Designated "Drought Disaster Areas?
    Allows Farmers-Ranchers to Apply for Assistance

    The USDA has designated 58 Florida counties primary natural disaster areas
    because of drought losses continuing since January 1, 2007. In addition, the nine
    counties adjacent to drought-affected counties (Broward, Charlotte, Highlands, Lee,
    Mimi-Dade, Monroe, Okeechobee, Palm Beach and Pinellas) also qualify for natural
    disaster benefits because their counties are contiguous.

    Qualified Florida farm operators may be eligible for low
    interest emergency drought disaster loans from USDA's
    Farm Service Agency (FSA). Farmers have eight months to
    apply for such loans to help cover actual losses.

    Interested individuals may contact USDA FSA Service
    Centers for information on eligibility and application
    procedures. Additional information is also available online
    at http://disaster.fsa.usda.gov.

    Agroterror: The Law Enforcement Role and Perspective

    "I received this link ?www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/pubs-sum/214752.htm - via NCJRS
    International Monthly Accessions List and wanted to forward it should anyone be
    interested in light?reading,?wrote Corporal Julio Schrodel who is in Planning &
    Research with the Cape Coral Police Department [239-242-3399].
    Corporal Schrodel is a member of the International Association of
    Law Enforcement Planners and the Law Enforcement Planning &
    Research Directors' Forum.

    Although the specific link Corporal Schrodel directed us to had
    timed out, it led us to a National Institute of Justice publications
    page where we found numerous references to agroterrorism and
    biological terror possibilities. One, dated December 2006 and
    relating to foot-and-mouth disease (a disease which we have given special attention
    because of its continuing outbreaks in England), is summarized below. The full text is
    available at that site as a PDF document:

    Agroterrorism—Why We're Not Ready: A Look at the Role of Law Enforcement
    An agroterrorism attack would dramatically impact many aspects of American life,
    including law enforcement, which ?especially in rural areas ?is financially and
    strategically unprepared to respond. This Research for Policy considers the effect of
    the introduction of foot-and-mouth disease to the American cattle industry, including
    the mandatory slaughter of millions of animals and an impact of up to $60 billion on
    the U.S. economy. The publication outlines why law enforcement is not currently
    ready for such a terrorist attack and offers guidance for preventing and preparing to
    respond to an act of agroterrorism.


    Through the Grapevine

        Discussing the strategic planning process for SART at the recent Quarterly Advisory
        Board Meeting in Gainesville December 6th, "There comes a time when the traditional
        ways of looking at things just won't work.?br>
    Joe Kight, ESF-17 Coordinator


    Sign-Up for Dairy Disaster Aid Begins December 3rd

    Eligible dairy producers can sign up for the Dairy Disaster Assistance Program (DDAP-
    III) at local USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) service centers beginning Monday,
    December 3rd.

    DDAP-III has $16 million in benefits to help producers
    recover losses resulting from a variety of adverse
    weather conditions between January 1, 2005 and
    February 28, 2007. It compensates for:
  •   lost herds or dumped milk when dairy plants
  •      closed or the disaster damaged containment
  •   power outages, fuel shortages and
  • infrastructure damage that temporarily interrupted the flow of dairy products
    to market.

    To be eligible, producers must have suffered losses in primary and contiguous
    counties declared or designated a natural disaster. Also, producers in counties
    receiving an FSA Administrator's Physical Loss Notice determination are eligible.
    USDA provides more information on proposed DDAP-III provisions in a fact sheet
    posted online at: http://disaster.fsa.usda.gov.


    New Training Manual
    Is Available On Line and In CD Format

    Paul Gibbs, Veterinarian and Professor of Virology in the University of Florida's
    College of Veterinary Medicine, has developed a training module titled "Recognizing
    and Responding to Foreign Animal Diseases.?This module, part of the Keep Florida
    series may be viewed directly at www.flsart.org/training/index.html or by
    clicking on the "Training Materials" menu at http://www.flsart.org and selecting this

    This module has been developed in a particularly interesting format with voice-overs
    and viewer interactive abilities. These features help viewers retain information about
    the module's four principal points:
        1. The dangers of foreign animal diseases,
      Dr. Paul Gibbs is a
      Veterinarian and
      Professor of Virology
      in the University of
      Florida's College of
      Veterinary Medicine.
      2. How foreign animal diseases are transmitted,
      3. Diseases that pose the greatest threat to Florida and the
          US and
      4. How to deal with foreign animal diseases.

    Gibbs?teaching module deals with disease vectors that may
    affect a number of common farm, companion and even wild
    animals: birds, cattle, swine, sheep, goats and rabbits. It takes
    about two hours to thoroughly review the materials in the

    "Recognizing and Responding to Foreign Animal Diseases?was
    produced for the Florida Department of Agriculture and
    Consumer Services (DOACS) and the Florida State Agricultural
    Response Team (SART). Copies of the CD may be obtained from
    Florida ESF 17 Coordinator Joe Kight at kightj@doacs.state.fl.us.


    Exotic Update: Apple Snails Spreading

    Gary Warren of the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWCC)
    recently identified Island Apple Snails in Newnan's Lake east of Gainesville.
    Newnan's is the largest lake in Alachua County. This exotic species was first
    identified in Florida lakes in 1987, but this is the first discovery of exotic snails in
    Alachua County.

    Although the Florida Apple Snail is a native species, its four exotic cousins are now
    loose in the state: the Channeled, Florida, Island, Spike-topped (also called Golden)
    and Titan. Florida's snail is the smallest of the five and the only one that lays white
    eggs. The others are native to South America and lay eggs that are pink or green

    The Island Apple Snail is twice as large as its Florida relative, breeds profusely and
    lives up to four years. While these snails could strip a lake of all aquatic vegetation
    (they have caused significant damage in Asia and the Pacific), according to the
    FWCC, no damage attributable solely to the Island Apple Snail has yet been

    So, there is both bad news and good news.
  • BAD
  •        o Exotic snails can spread through flooding or hurricanes.
           o FWCC officers say the recent introductions in Newnan's Lake were
              most likely caused when aquarium owners dumped unwanted
           o FWCC researchers suspect that someone in the exotic pet trade placed
              snails in Lake Okeechobee canals to breed and sell them.
           o Exotic Apple Snails are found from Tallahassee to Miami.
  • GOOD
  •        o The Newnan's infestation was spotted by "a birder,?an informed
           o Bill Haller, University of Florida Director of the Center for Aquatic and
              Invasive Plants, says that covering Apple Snail eggs with canola oil or
              simply scraping them into the water prevents them from hatching.

      Left: Spraying is an effective means of controlling populations of exotic snails. Center: Comparing a mass of
      pink Island Apple Snail eggs and white Florida Apple Snail eggs. Right: Comparison of mature Island Apple
      Snail (large) and Florida Apple Snail (small).

    The FWCC and the St. Johns River Water Management District treated the suspect
    area (the boat ramp) of Newnan's Lake with copper sulfate and more than two-dozen
    dead snails have been found. The WMD continues to inspect the site to remove egg

    For additional information, please visit
    www.floridadep.org/central/Home/Watershed/snails/Snails.htm and


    Recycling ?It's Catching On

    On a recent trip, your Editor noticed these unusual recycling bins in Portugal: blue =
    Papel/Cartão (paper/cardboard), gold = Embalagens (plastic packages) and green =
    Vidro (glass). Color schemes of recycling containers matched the houses, most of
    which were bordered in either a sandy brown or a sky
    blue. So do our containers similarly match our
    homes? (US bins pictured are from the Editor's home
    in Gainesville. Perhaps it is coincidence that these
    are orange and blue?)


    About the SART Sentinel

    Editor: Rick Sapp, PhD, Technical Writer, Florida Department of Agriculture &
    Consumer Services, Division of Animal Industry [rsa5@cox.net]

    Associate Editor: Joe Kight, State ESF-17 Coordinator, Florida Department of
    Agriculture & Consumer Services, Division of Animal Industry

    The SART SENTINEL is an E-mail newsletter prepared monthly by Rick Sapp and the
    members of the Florida State Agricultural Response Team. Past issues of the
    Sentinel are archived on the Florida SART Web Site, www.flsart.org.

    If you have a story or photo that you would like to have considered for publication in
    The SART SENTINEL, please contact the Editors.